UF Health Gynecologic Oncology – Jacksonville provides diagnostic
and patient care services to women with cancers occuring in the female reproductive
organs. University of Florida gynecologic oncologists are part of a multidisciplinary
team of cancer specialists at the UF Health Cancer Center,
offering the latest, most comprehensive care for gynecologic cancers.
Gynecologic cancers are detected in various ways. Women often experience symptoms
of abdominal pain or bloating, or abnormal vaginal bleeding that prompt them to
seek medical attention. A suspicious finding may be noted in an examination or imaging
study, such as a pelvic sonogram or computerized tomogram (CT), or a routine Pap
smear may be abnormal. If an abnormality is noted, a tissue sample or biopsy must
be obtained to determine if cancer is present. This can be done in the office or
during a pelvic examination under anesthesia in an operating room.
The initial examination is most often done by an
obstetrics and gynecology specialist. If more advanced cancer is diagnosed,
the patient will usually be referred to a gynecologic oncologist for further evaluation,
treatment and follow-up care.
The seven main types of gynecologic cancer are:
- Cancers of the uterine corpus (endometrial cancer)
- Ovarian cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Vulvar cancer
- Fallopian tube cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Placental cancer
Combined, this group of cancers is the fourth most common site of cancer in women
after breast, lung
and colon cancers.