Crush injury

  • Definition
    • A crush injury occurs when force or pressure is put on a body part. This type of injury most often happens when part of the body is squeezed between 2 heavy objects.

      Damage related to crush injuries include:

  • First Aid
    • Steps for first aid treatment of a crush injury are:

      • Stop bleeding by applying direct pressure.
      • Cover the area with a wet cloth or bandage. Then, raise the area above the level of the heart, if possible.
      • If there is suspicion of a head, neck or spinal injury, immobilize those areas if possible and then limit movement to only the crushed area.
      • Call your local emergency number (such as 911) or local hospital for further advice.

      Crush injuries most often need to be evaluated in a hospital emergency department. Surgery may be needed.

  • References
    • Klimke A, Furin M. Prehospital immobilization. In: Roberts JR, Hedges JR, eds. Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2014:chap 46.