What can diabetes treatment help you do?
- A. Lower high blood glucose (“blood sugar”) levels
- B. Improve your energy
- C. Prevent problems from diabetes
- D. All of the above
The correct answer is all of the above. Managing your diabetes involves keeping your blood sugar at your goal level. This will improve your energy and is the best way to prevent strokes, heart attacks, and health problems such as eye, foot, nerve, and kidney damage diabetes can cause.
To manage diabetes, you need to learn how to:
- A. Test and track your blood sugar levels
- B. Know what to eat and when
- C. Take medicines, if needed
- D. Recognize and treat low and high blood sugar
- E. Learn how to manage diabetes when you don't feel well
- F. All of the above
The correct answer is all of the above. It may take several months to learn the basic skills. Your doctor or diabetes educator can help. Always keep learning about diabetes, its complications, and how to control and live with the disease. Stay up-to-date on new research and treatments.
You should test your blood sugar:
- A. Once or twice a day
- B. When you wake up, before meals, and at bedtime
- C. A few times a week
- D. It depends on if your diabetes is controlled
The correct answer is it depends on if your diabetes is controlled. Many people with type 2 diabetes check their blood sugar once or twice a day. If you keep your blood sugar under control, a few times a week may be enough. Ask your doctor what your blood sugar goals should be and how often to test it at home.
Your doctor can give you a blood test to check the overall control of your diabetes.
- A. True
- B. False
The correct answer is true. For most people, the hemoglobin A1c test shows the average level of blood sugar (glucose) over the previous 3 months. It shows how well you are controlling your diabetes. You and your doctor will discuss the correct range for you. For many people the goal is to keep your level at or below 6.5 - 7%.
Which situation does NOTrequire you to test your blood sugar more often?
- A. Eating too much, skipping meals, eating out, or drinking alcohol
- B. Taking a new medicine or taking medicine at the wrong dose or the wrong time
- C. Having blood sugar levels higher or lower than normal
- D. Being sick or under stress
- E. Exercising
- F. Taking a nap
The correct answer is taking a nap. All the other situations listed above may affect your blood sugar, so it's best to test more often. Keep a record of your blood sugar readings and share it with your doctor. This will be a big help if you are having problems controlling your diabetes.
How many days should you wait before calling your healthcare provider when your blood sugar level is higher than your goal?
- A. 3
- B. 5
- C. 8
The correct answer is 3 straight days. Any number of things can affect your blood sugar, and your health care provider can help you identify what may be causing the problem.
Testing your blood sugar helps you:
- A. Change your meals, activity, or medicines to keep your blood sugar levels in the right range
- B. Feel better because your blood sugar is better controlled
- C. Identify high and low blood sugar levels before you have serious problems
- D. Prevent complications from diabetes
- E. All of the above
The correct answer is all of the above. By testing your blood sugar, you can see how food, activity, or illness affects it. Then you can adjust the foods you eat or your diabetes medicine as needed to help keep your blood sugar at your goal level. Also ask your health care provider which high or low blood sugar readings mean you should call right away.
What should your LDL, or bad, cholesterol level be if you don't have any heart problems?
- A. Less than 200 mg/dL
- B. Less than 100 mg/dL
- C. Less than 70 mg/dL
The correct answer is 100 mg/dL. Managing your cholesterol can help you prevent heart disease, stroke, and kidney damage. Most people with diabetes should keep their LDL below 100 mg/dL. If you already have heart disease, the lower target of 70 mg/dL may be better. Ask your doctor what your LDL target is. Also learn how to shop for and cook foods that are low in fat and healthy for your heart.
Which is a good blood pressure goal for most people with diabetes?
- A. Lower than 120/80 mm/Hg
- B. Lower than 130/80 mm/Hg
- C. Lower than 140/80 mm/Hg
The correct answer is lower than 140/80 mm/Hg. If your blood pressure is 140/80 mm/Hg or above, your doctor may want to prescribe medicine to help you lower it. Some people with diabetes may have a lower blood pressure target such as 130/80 mm/Hg. Check with your doctor to see what your blood pressure target is.
Which of the following will NOT help keep your feet healthy:
- A. Checking and caring for your feet EVERY DAY
- B. Getting a foot exam by your doctor at least every 6 - 12 months and learning whether you have nerve damage
- C. Making sure you are wearing the right kind of shoes
- D. Getting a monthly pedicure
The correct answer is getting a monthly pedicure. Only trained healthcare providers should care for your feet if you have diabetes. Caring for your feet is an important part of managing diabetes. So be sure to tell your doctor if you notice a cut, ingrown toenail, or break in the skin.
If you have diabetes, how often should you see your doctor?
- A. Once a month
- B. Every 3 to 6 months
- C. Once a year
The correct answer is every 3 to 6 months. You should also see your dentist every 6 months and your eye doctor once a year. Stay in close contact with your health care providers. That way, any minor health problems get treated quickly before possibly becoming more serious.