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Parapneumonic pleural effusion

  • Definition
    • Parapneumonic pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid between layers of the tissue lining the lung and the chest cavity, which develops when a person has pneumonia.

  • Causes
    • Pneumonia, most commonly from bacteria, causes parapneumonic pleural effusion.

  • Treatment
    • Antibiotics are prescribed to treat the pneumonia.

      If the person has shortness of breath, a needle might be used to drain the fluid. If better drainage of the fluid is needed, a drain tube can be inserted.

  • Outlook (Prognosis)
    • This condition improves when the pneumonia improves.

  • Possible Complications
    • Empyema is a possible complication. It requires the placement of a chest tube, and possibly surgery.