Transurethral resection of the prostate

  • Definition
  • Alternative Names
    • TURP; Prostate resection - transurethral

  • Description
    • The surgery takes about 1 hour.

      You will be given medicine before surgery so you don't feel pain. You may get general anesthesia in which you are asleep and pain-free or spinal anesthesia in which you are awake, but relaxed and pain-free.

      The surgeon will insert a scope through the tube that carries urine from your bladder out of the penis. This tube is called the urethra. A special cutting tool is placed through the scope. It is used to remove the inside part of your prostate gland using electricity.

  • Why the Procedure Is Performed
    • Your doctor may recommend this surgery if you have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The prostate gland often grows larger as men get older. The larger prostate play causes problems with urinating. Removing part of the prostate gland can often make these symptoms better.

      Prostate removal may be recommended if you have:

      • Difficulty emptying your bladder
      • Frequent urinary tract infections
      • Bleeding from the prostate
      • Bladder stones with prostate enlargement
      • Extremely slow urination
      • Damage to the kidneys
      • Getting up often at night to urinate
      • Bladder control issues due to a large prostate

      Before you have surgery, your health care provider will suggest you make changes in how you eat or drink. You may also be asked to try taking medicine. Your prostate may need to be removed if these steps do not help. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is one of the most common types of prostate surgery. Other procedures are also available.

      Your doctor will consider the following when deciding on the type of surgery:

      • Size of your prostate gland
      • Your health
      • What type of surgery you may want
  • Risks
    • Risks for any surgery are:

      Additional risks are:

      • Problems with urine control
      • Loss of sperm fertility
      • Erection problems
      • Passing the semen into the bladder instead of out through the urethra (retrograde ejaculation)
      • Urethral stricture (tightening of the urinary outlet from scar tissue)
      • Transurethral resection (TUR) syndrome (water buildup during surgery)
      • Damage to internal organs and structures
  • Before the Procedure
    • You will have many visits with your provider and tests before your surgery. Your visit will include:

      If you are a smoker, you should stop several weeks before the surgery. Your provider can give you tips on how to do this.

      Always tell your provider what drugs, vitamins, and other supplements you are taking, even ones you bought without a prescription.

      During the weeks before your surgery:

      • You may be asked to stop taking medicines that can thin your blood, such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), vitamin E, clopidogrel (Plavix), warfarin (Coumadin), and others.
      • Ask your doctor which drugs you should still take on the day of your surgery.

      On the day of your surgery:

      • DO NOT eat or drink anything after midnight the night before your surgery.
      • Take the drugs you have been told you to take with a small sip of water.
      • You will be told when to arrive at the hospital.
  • After the Procedure
    • You will stay in the hospital for 1 to 3 days.

      After surgery, you will have a small tube, called a Foley catheter, in your bladder to remove urine. Your bladder may be flushed with fluids (irrigated) to keep it clear of clots. The urine will look bloody at first. In most cases, the blood goes away within a few days. Blood can also seep around the catheter. A special solution may be used to flush out the catheter and keep it from getting clogged with blood. The catheter will be removed within 1 to 3 days for most people.

      You will be able to go back to eating a normal diet right away.

      You will need to stay in bed until the next morning. You will be asked to move around as much as possible after that point.

      Your health care team will:

      • Help you change positions in bed.
      • Teach you exercises to keep blood flowing.
      • Teach you how to perform coughing and deep breathing techniques. You should do these every 3 to 4 hours.
      • Tell you how to care for yourself after your procedure.

      You may need to wear tight stockings and use a breathing device to keep your lungs clear.

      You may be given medicine to relieve bladder spasms.

  • Outlook (Prognosis)
    • TURP relieves symptoms of an enlarged prostate most of the time. You may have burning with urination, blood in your urine, frequent urination, and need to urgently urinate.

  • References
    • Kaplan SA. Benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 129.

      McVary KT, Roehrborn CG, Avins AL, et al. Update on AUA guideline on the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2011;185(5):1793-803. PMID: 21420124

      Roehrborn CG. Benign prostatic hyperplasia. In: Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Novick AC, Partin AW, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 10.

      Roehrborn CG. Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Med Clin North Am. 2011;95(1):87-100. PMID: 21095413 21095413.