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Bone tumors that begin in the bone — or primary bone cancer — are considered rare. Cancer is much more likely to spread or metastasize into the bone from another affected area of the body, such as the breasts, lungs or prostate.

Bone cancer: Types

These are the three most common types of primary bone cancer:

  • Osteosarcoma — occurs most often between ages 10 and 19 and is most often found in the knee and upper arm
  • Chondrosarcoma — starts in cartilage, usually after age 40
  • Ewing's sarcoma — occurs most often in children and teens under 19 and is more common in boys than girls

Bone cancer: Symptoms

Pain is the most common symptom of bone cancer. With some types of tumors, patients may notice swelling and tenderness. Some may feel fatigued, lose weight or suffer a bone fracture due to cancer weakening the bone. Other symptoms will vary and depend on the size and location of the tumor.

Bone cancer: Diagnosis

Physical examination and X-rays may be the first tests your UF Health Jacksonville physician will use. If a bone tumor is suspected, our specialists will confirm the diagnosis with sophisticated imaging techniques, such as an MRI or CT scan. Once a tumor is confirmed, a minimally invasive biopsy is often done to determine if the tumor is malignant or benign.

Why choose UF Health Jacksonville?

Many specialists, one goal

The UF Health Cancer Center in Jacksonville brings together a multidisciplinary team of experts to design the best treatment plan for you that will provide the best possible outcomes. University of Florida surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and other cancer specialists work together to provide treatments, equipped with the latest therapeutic innovations.

Advanced technologies and facilities

In addition to offering standard cancer treatment options, the UF Health Proton Therapy Institute, located on the UF Health Jacksonville campus, offers patients state-of-the-art treatment with minimal side effects for certain cancers.

The Cancer Center at UF Health Jacksonville also offers support groups and classes for cancer patients and caregivers. Our team provides a safe place to ask questions or share concerns.

Related conditions & treatments

Commission on Cancer Accredited Program - A Quality Program of the American College of Surgeons

The UF Health Jacksonville cancer program is accredited by the Commission on Cancer, a quality program of the American College of Surgeons.

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